When it comes to flooring options, hardwood flooring remains a popular choice among homeowners. It can enhance its aesthetic appeal, create a cozy atmosphere, and increase your home’s value. However, choosing the right hardwood flooring can be daunting, given the various species, finishes, and textures available.

Read on to learn the six essential qualities to consider when choosing hardwood flooring to make an informed decision that suits your taste and budget.

1. Species of Wood

The species of wood that you choose for your flooring has a significant impact on the overall look and durability of your floor. Some popular hardwood species include oak, maple, cherry, and walnut.

Each species has unique characteristics, such as varying grain patterns, colours, and hardness levels. For example, oak is a durable and traditional choice with a prominent grain pattern, while maple is a lighter wood with a more subtle appearance.

2. Hardness

The hardness of the wood is another crucial factor to consider, especially if you have high-traffic areas or pets in your home. The Janka hardness test is a method utilized to quantify the ability of wood to withstand denting and wear.

The durability and scratch and dent resistance of hardwood flooring increase with a higher Janka rating. For example, Brazilian walnut and Brazilian cherry are hardwood species with a high Janka rating, making them excellent choices for high-traffic areas.

3. Finish

There are two main types of finishes: prefinished and unfinished. Prefinished hardwood flooring comes already sanded and finished so that it can be installed quickly and easily.

Unfinished hardwood flooring is sanded and finished on-site, allowing for a more customized finish. In addition to the type of finish, you can also choose between a matte, satin, or glossy finish, depending on your preference.

4. Width and Length of Planks

The width and length of your hardwood planks can also impact the overall appearance of your floor. Broader planks can generate a rustic or conventional aesthetic, whereas narrower planks exhibit a modern and streamlined appearance.

Longer planks can help to elongate a room, while shorter planks can create a more intimate feel. When choosing the width and length of your planks, consider the size and style of the room where they will be installed.

5. Colour

The colour of your hardwood flooring can set the tone for a room. Lighter colours can create a more airy and open feel, while darker colours can create a more dramatic and cozy atmosphere. You can also choose from various stains and finishes for a specific colour or tone.

6. Sustainable and Environmentally Friendly

It is vital to consider the sustainability and environmental impact of your hardwood flooring. Look for hardwood flooring certified by organizations which ensure that the wood comes from responsibly managed forests. You can also opt for reclaimed or recycled hardwood flooring, which reduces waste and helps to conserve natural resources.


The selection of appropriate hardwood flooring for a given area is a critical determination that necessitates meticulously evaluating various essential elements. You must consider the cost and the installation requirements to make an informed decision. 

By keeping these six crucial qualities in mind, you can find the perfect hardwood flooring that will enhance the beauty and value of your home for years to come.

Are you looking for an excellent flooring installation that will exceed your expectations? Check out Iron Wood Construction! Our expert team will provide high-quality flooring solutions that will transform your space. Contact us at your earliest convenience so that we may assist you in realizing your ideal flooring solution!